All You Need to Know About Skincare Routine
How often to do a skincare routine?
According to a dermatologist, Dr Heather Rogers, use facial or skincare products in the right sequence twice a day to ensure your skin gets the full benefits of each product. According to Dr Rogers, used in the sequence is very important. This is because the function of the skin is to take care of something, but many of the skincare products used have ingredients that can get into the skin. If you don’t use the products correctly, you won’t see the best results from your face or skincare regimen.
You also want to first use a product with the most important ingredients to penetrate the skin (like antioxidants in the serum) and finish with a product that needs to be on the skin (like emollients and humectants in a moisturiser)
Basic/Simple skincare routine
Daytime facial care
Step 1: Face wash
Start your morning facial care routine by cleansing your face with warm water or, if necessary, washing with a mild facial cleanser designed for your skin type.
Step 2: Toner
Most people choose to skip toners because there is a lingering assumption that most toners are harsh and irritating to the skin. While it doesn't physically heal pores, the new type of toner can serve various purposes, such as acting as a delivery system for antioxidants, B vitamin derivatives and even toning acids.
Also, each type of toner is intended for a different skin problem, so it's essential to use the right type for your skin condition. However, if you don't use toner and your skin looks healthy, Dr Rogers said, you don't have to use it. Toners are created to help restore the skin's pH to its base after using a harsh soap. It should be noted that alcohol-based toners contribute to excessive drying of the skin by releasing protective oils, and water-based toners are a weak carrier for getting active ingredients into the skin.
Step 3: Antioxidant serum
The serum is a high-concentrated, nutrient-dense treatment that addresses specific concerns, so it's best to keep it as close to the skin as possible. There are a variety of serums on the market today. Still, for daytime, Dr Rogers recommends an antioxidant serum, which provides various benefits that can eliminate the skin's inflammatory response to neutralize damage due to UV radiation and environmental pollutants.
Step 4: Eye cream
According to physician-certified dermatologist Annie Chiu, it's essential to wear eye cream at least every night, if not twice a day, starting in your 20s. This is to maintain the health and thickness of the eyelid skin. Improving the quality of the skin in this area, in the beginning, can ensure that the eyelid skin does not quickly lose its elasticity and looks flat later on.
For best results, consistency is key. Frequent use of eye cream regularly from time to time will keep the skin of the eyelids elastic and can improve or prevent some fine lines.
Step 5: Moisturiser
Yes, everyone needs a moisturiser, even if you have oily skin. This is because your body has a natural lubrication system that consists of glands that secrete oil (or sebum) to maintain a protective layer against external conditions and infections. Most of us need extra hydration after the disruption of the sun, weather and harsh chemicals that damage the skin.
Step 6: Sunscreen
Sunscreen should be the last step in your daytime skincare routine if you use physical or mineral sunscreen, which works to block UV rays physically. This step becomes complicated when you use chemical sunscreen. Therefore Dr Rogers recommends using sunscreen with zinc and applying it after your moisturiser. Zinc is safe, effective and provides extensive protection against UVA and UVB rays. For those who like to use chemical sunscreen, try to find a formula that offers moisturising benefits so that you can get your daily hydration needs while protecting your skin.
Night-time face care
Step 1: (Double) Cleanser
Some experts recommend removing your makeup first with a special makeup remover before washing your face with a mild cleanser to get rid of dirt, oil, and makeup during the day.
Better yet, try cleansing twice, which involves using a cleansing oil first to dissolve your makeup and then rewashing your face with a regular cleanser.
Step 2: Toner
If you use toner, apply it as you do in the morning. Some people also like different types of skincare stimulants at night, whether mist (mist), essence, beauty water or serum (hyaluronic acid). These are injected with other active ingredients, but the purpose is to hydrate and nourish the skin for the most part.
Step 3: Eye cream
In addition to dealing with dark circles, eye creams can also work to protect your delicate eye area from other skincare products.
Step 4: Hydrating mask or facial oil
If the skin is on the dry side, you may add moisturising cream or a facial oil mask. Both types of products are generally lightweight and can be used frequently because your skin needs an extra boost of hydration.
Step 5: Moisturiser or night cream
Some people use the same moisturiser during the day and night. However, night moisturiser or creams are usually thicker and heavier and are designed to be absorbed over several hours. Maintaining a high water content in the skin is the key to healing and maintaining healthy skin.
In addition to following this facial care sequence, some experts believe it is also important to consider the time it takes for your skin to absorb the products you use.
How long to change skincare products?
When you want to wear a new set of skincare products, the best way is to use the latest products one by one over a week. For example, if you want to use a new face wash and toner, apply the face wash first for a week, then start a new toner the following week. Why a week? This is an excellent period to see skin reactions to new products. On average, the skin shows a response of about 7 to 10 days.
When you use a new product for a week, and no adverse reaction occurs during that period, the product I can count is suitable and compatible with me. After a week, start using another new product. Different skins respond to the product within minutes, hours or a month. Then recognise your skin type. Do not rush to change all the products at once. Consistency is key. Do not always change products. One new product into your routine at a time.